Manual testing is very important and essential initial step in the testing of any of the software product. In this, the manual tester checks all the essential features of the given application or the software manually by doing below activities:
- Thoroughly analyze the requirement and identify the gaps in the requirement
– This helps in identifying the faults in the software at a very early stage which incurs very less cost to fix
- Identify the test scenarios effectively for the Test Coverage
– This ensures that all aspects of the requirement is tested in the application
– Also, various paths to achieve the same result will also be identified
- Test Case writing for the identified scenarios
– These test cases ensure all the identified ways to test the application gets executed in Test Execution
– The failure of these test cases directly implies that the certain requirement in the application is not working as it is expected to
– Also, Test Execution provides an insight into the quality check or health check of the application. All these activities purely need brainstorming, idea and creativity to think and imagine the requirement in the form of an application. The outcome of Manual testing (test cases along with Test Data) are used for Automation Testing.
Without having effective Manual testing done on an application, direct implementation of Automation may fail due to application quality issue, instable application behaviour, inadequate and ineffective test data etc. which will definitely result in much cost incur from the automation script and data maintenance.
Manual Testing is a classical method of all testing types and helps find bugs in software systems at the initial stage itself. It is generally conducted by an experienced tester to accomplish the software testing process. Hence can implement further essential features if required for a software. Manual testing allows for human observation, which is must if goal is to understand the user-friendliness or improved customer experience of the application.